In this figure, global material extraction is disaggregated by six world regions, illustrating the shares of each region in total extraction for the years 1980 and 2013.

Shares of global material extraction by world region, 1980 vs. 2013

Compared to 1980, industrialised world regions had a significantly smaller share in global resource extraction in 2013, whereas developing regions increased their share in global extraction over the past 30 years. The most remarkable development is the growth of Asia’s share, which accounted for 41% in 1980 and grew to 61% in 2013. Today, almost two thirds of all globally extracted raw materials originate from the Asia continent.

Shares of all other continents fell during the observed time period. North America's share fell from 18% to 9% and Europe's from 19% to 9%, respectively. One reason for the decline of these world regions is the substitution of domestic material extraction, particularly in the categories of metal ores and fossil fuels, by imports from other world regions. Developing regions, which extract and export large amounts of materials, such as Africa and Latin America, thus augmented their extraction without proportionally increasing domestic material consumption. The only exception to the declining trend is Oceania, which increased its share slightly, from 2% in 1980 to 3% in 2013, mainly due to the intensification of mining activities in Australia.

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