The highest numbers for per capita material extraction are observed for Oceania with more than 61 tonnes per capita in 2013. This reflects the steep increase in production of fossil fuels (in particular coal) and metal ores in Australia over the past 30 years, which grew by 253% and 382%, respectively. North Americans ranked second with a per capita extraction of around 22 tonnes in 2013 (down from 26 tonnes in 1980), due to high amounts of industrial minerals, fossil fuel and biomass extraction. With 5 to 11 tonnes, developing regions in Africa and Asia are characterised by the lowest per capita extraction numbers. However, per capita extraction in Asia increased significantly after the turn of the Millennium, from around 6 tonnes in 1980 to around 11.5 tonnes in 2013. This also drove the global development with world average per capita extraction increasing from 8.2 tonnes in 1980 to 11.8 tonnes in 2013.