In this figure, global material extraction is disaggregated by six world regions, illustrating the shares of each region in total extraction over the period of 1980 to 2013.

Shares of global material extraction by world region, 1980-2013

The analysis of regional trends in material extraction illustrates that Asia's share in global material extraction has increased remarkably, particularly since the early 2000s, as a consequence of rapid industrialisation in countries such as China and India. In China, for example, between 1980 and 2013, extraction of minerals increased by almost 3,000%, as a consequence of huge increases in demand in particular for construction purposes. Also extraction of fossil fuels, metal ores and biomass grew by 380%, 1,400% and 120%, respectively. The total increase in used extraction was 780%, as compared to an increase of around 210% in India. Also in that country, extraction of minerals showed the largest increase (1,000%).

Absolute material extraction grew only marginally within Europe (1%), thus reducing the share of Europe in worldwide material extraction massively (from 19% in 1980 to 8% in 2013), mainly reflecting a reduction of fossils fuel extraction. At the same time, extraction of biomass within Europe increased by 17%. The share of North America declined from 18% to 9%, the one of Africa from 8% to 7%.

Note: from 1992 on, the ex-USSR countries Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine, formerly part of the region "Asia", are part of the region "Europe".

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