This figure illustrates global material extraction (of economically used materials) per major material category in six world region in 2013.

Absolute material extraction by world region in 2013

With a total of almost 52 billion tonnes in 2013, Asia had by far the highest absolute extraction numbers of all continents. With 28.6 billion tonnes, industrial and construction minerals contributed the largest share, followed by biomass (10 billion tonnes) and 9.1 billion tonnes of fossil fuels. 

Industrial and construction minerals also held the largest share in European material extraction in 2013 (3.6 billion tonnes of a total of 7.1 billion tonnes, or 51%) as well as in North American extraction (2.7 billion tonnes of a total of 7.8 billion tonnes, or 35%). 

Latin America had an absolute material extraction of 9.5 billion tonnes in 2013. Noticeable are the high shares of biomass (4.7 billion tonnes or 50%) and of metal ores (2.1 billion tonnes or 22%), where significant portions of both biomass and metal ores are exported to other world regions. With 6 billion tonnes and 2.3 billion tonnes, respectively, Africa and Oceania had the lowest absolute amounts of material extraction in 2013. In Africa, biomass had by far the largest share (50%), illustrating the still minor importance of industrial sectors in many Africa economies. Oceania has a significant share of metal ores (43%), as metal extraction activities, mostly for export, where significantly expanded in Australia over the past two decades. 

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