This figure illustrates material extraction (only economically used extraction) per capita in 1980 and 2013 by major material category.

Material extraction per capita by world region and material category, 1980 vs. 2013

With 61 tonnes per capita in 2013, the highest numbers for per-capita material extraction were observed for Oceania. In comparison to the year 1980 (42 tonnes), material extraction per capita has thus increased by 45%. The highest increases were observed for the material categories of metals (192%) and fossil fuels (136%). North America ranked second in 2013 with 22 tonnes per capita, due to high amounts of extraction of industrial minerals, fossil fuels and biomass. In contrast to Australia, extraction decreased in North America since 1980 (-14%). Also in Europe, material extraction declined over the investigated time period, from 14.5 to 12 tonnes per capita. Reduction in fossil fuel extraction in Europe (in particular, of coal) contributed most to this downward trend. Per capita extraction in Asia more than double, from 5.2 tonnes in 1980 to 11.6 tonnes in 2013, with minerals and metals contributing most to this increase. Per capita extraction in 2013 was lowest in Africa, with 5.4 tonnes, down from 5.8 tonnes in 1980. 

World average per capita extraction increased from 8.2 tonnes in 1980 to 11.8 tonnes in 2013 (a growth of 44%).

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